Tuesday, September 8, 2015

Big Changes for ICH GCP and EU Regulations

 By Laurie Meehan
What GCP changes are being proposed for international clinical research?
How and when will they affect you?

What’s Changing?

Two things.

(1) The most substantial change to international guidelines in 20 years occurred earlier this year when the ICH* issued a draft addendum to its GCP guidelines, ICH E6(R2).

(2) At about the same time the guidelines go into effect, new Clinical Trial Regulation (CTR) 563/2014 will replace the current, decade-old EU Directive 2001/20. 

Although the intent of the original version of ICH E6 was to provide sponsors flexibility to innovate, it is sometimes misinterpreted in ways that impede innovation.  So says the ICH business plan.  The new addendum attempts to rectify this by encouraging “improved and more efficient approaches to clinical trial design, conduct, oversight, recording and reporting.”
Dr. Colin Wilsher of RQA (formerly BARQA) wrote a superb analysis of the draft addendum, correlating changes in the guidance to “hot topics,” areas in clinical research that continue to account for more than their fair share of investigational findings. 

What’s in the Draft Addendum?
 ICH E6(R2) includes:
  • Source Document requirements – whether you spell ALCOA with one “C” or two (see Wilsher’s analysis), this is the first time ALCOA is mentioned in ICH E6
  • A definition of quality management that includes efficient protocol design and collection of essential information only
  • Guidance on risk-based trial management (including RBM)
  • New emphasis on CSV expectations, as aspects of clinical trial s are increasingly computerized
  • Standards regarding electronic records and essential documents
  • Additional PI oversight responsibilities

What’s Next for ICH E6(R2)?
 ICH is encouraging stakeholders from EU, USA, Japan, Canada and Switzerland to submit their comments to their respective Regulatory Authorities.  Publication of the final guideline is slated for November 2016.

EU Clinical Trial Regulation 536/2014

The EU member states are experiencing a significant drop in clinical trial applications.  The new directive implements efficiencies designed to make the EU an attractive place to conduct clinical research while maintaining a high standard of patient safety.

What’s in the New Regulation?
In her 60-minute webinar, Dr. Martine Dehlinger-Kremer, Global VP, Medical and Regulatory Affairs for SynteractHCR, provides a very thorough overview of the new EU regulation.

Harmonization. Dr. Dehlinger-Kremer explains that the 28 EU member states interpreted the current Directive (2001/20/EC) into local law differently from one another. Different submission requirements, timelines, and safety reporting has made it difficult and expensive for sponsors who want to conduct trials across Europe. (The RQA GCP Committee refers to the member state practice of imposing additional requirements as “gold-plating.”)  The proposed regulation requires no national interpretation.

Under the new process, a sponsor will be able to submit a single clinical trial application that covers all EU countries involved in the study.  All Concerned Member States (CMSs) will review the application, but an appointed Reporting Member State (RMS) will coordinate the reviews and provide the sponsor a single outcome, a single assessment report that will be valid for all CMSs.  The regulation provides some limited provisions for CMS disagreement and procedures for country and site-specific documents/processes.  Even so, the single application EU portal will dramatically reduce current-day CMS-specific application procedures.

Similar to clinical trial applications, safety reports (SUSAR) will also be coordinated across EU member states.

Application Timelines. Timelines for application review will be quite predictable, meaning sponsors will have a dependable schedule on which to plan. However, the timelines are tight, meaning sponsors will have to plan.  In the (otherwise) 60-day application process, there are two points at which sponsors may have to respond to requests for more information. They will have at most 30 days to comply, so they must be sure to have the correct resources on hand.

Transparency. The regulation also dictates clinical trial reporting to support industry trends in research transparency and knowledge sharing.  Sponsors must provide study summaries which are “that is understandable to a layperson,” and must submit clinical study reports (CSRs) that accompany Marketing Authorization applications, even if the application is withdrawn or ultimately not approved.  These data will be made publicly available via a new EU database.

Flexibility. The new regulation includes provisions that support flexibility in TMF content and in monitoring (think RBM), which dovetail with the ICH E6(R2) changes.
Important differences with FDA:  Under the new EU regulation, a trial must be registered in the EU database before it begins; trials in the US can be registered as late as 21 days after enrollment of the first participant.  Also, the EU will require registration of Phase I studies in the EU database, while Phase I trials in the US are exempt from Clinicaltrials.gov registration requirements.  If a sponsor wants to use data collected in US trials to support a Marketing Authorization in the EU, the US studies must adhere to the registration requirements in the new EU regulation.

What’s Next for CTR 536/2014?
Though the regulation could potentially become effective as early as May 2016, a precondition must first be met: both the Operational Database for clinical trial transparency and the submission portal for clinical trial applications must be functional for 6 months.

And a big parting Thank You goes to… …the ICH Expert Working Group (EWG) for integrating the revisions directly into the current version so we can easily see what’s new. #lovethechangebars

If you’d like to learn more about the new ICH guideline and EU regulation and how they’ll affect you, please get in touch.


*ICH = International Conference on Harmonization


  1. Brilliant. Thanks Laurie. And don't forget the fantastic RQA on-demand Webcast on the GCP aspects of the Clinical Trials Regulation http://www.therqa.com/learning/webcasts/w5002-eu-clinical-trial-regulation-final-document/
    There are also a FREE YouTube taster:- https://youtu.be/XQ2jOgAH7xI

    1. What's the audience for this webinar? Is this the topic for which you produced 2 webinars -- one for sponsors/CROs and one for sites?

    2. That's correct. One webcast for Sponsors and CROs and one specifically for investigators and their site staff. It appears that there are no other webcasts or webinars that offer specific certification of completion for being trained in the GCP aspects of the EU CTR. Worth looking into. Thanks

  2. Are there any changes for Herbla drugs?
    Dr Ulhas Joshi, innocon@vsnl.com

    1. Thanks for your question, Dr. Joshi. Mostly our Dietary Supplement work is in the US and Canada (two very different regulatory environments!). Let me talk to my subject experts and get back to you. In the meantime, does anyone have any insights they can share about clinical trials for herbal drugs in the EU?